What Is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy?

The Psych Talk

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is a talking treatment that focuses on how thoughts, beliefs and attitudes can affect your feelings and behaviour. It suggests that thoughts create feelings which then creates a behaviour. This behaviour then reinforces the thoughts we have about ourselves.

For example, Sally has social anxiety but has to attend a party on the weekend. She believes no one will like her because she will get anxious and not be able to talk. This makes her anxious about going into the social situation, so she avoids going to avoid the possibility of failure. This behaviour results in her not meeting any new people that could prove to her that she can be liked. The avoidance causes her thoughts about herself to be reinforced.

CBT will attempt to stop this self-defeating cycle we create. Instead, Sally will learn to think differently about herself and situations, manage her anxiety, which…

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